Christian Perspectives Coursework

This section is about euthanasia, in this section I’m going to explore the definition of the concept, where was the word derived from, the different types of euthanasia, and summing up it.The Oxford Dictionary defines euthanasia as: “A gentle and easy death; bringing about this especially in case of incurable and painful disease”.The word euthanasia is derived from the Greek words “Eu”, meaning good; and “Thanatos”, meaning death. Put together this means Eu Thanatos, or good death.Euthanasia can also be interpreted as murder; some Christians believe this because only God has the right to kill people. Also Christians believe that every human body is a temple of God, so if you be euthanized you are trying to harm God. It can also be interpreted as assisted suicide; this is because when you are being euthanized someone is helping you do so. Either giving you the drugs to kill yourself, or even simply transporting you there because they can’t: such as driving. Another name for euthanasia is mercy killing. This is called mercy killing because people are taking pity on someone suffering in which that they are not able to end.There are four types of euthanasia; the first type of euthanasia is voluntary euthanasia. This is when the person who is killed has requested to be killed, because they can’t end it themselves. An example of this is Diane Pretty; she was a woman with the illness motor neurone disease, which is incureable. In the early years of the twenty-first centery she tried to change the law on euthanasia, and get it legalized in the United Kingdom. She took her case to the courts, even the court of Europian Human Rights but got her case turned down. Sadly she died of the 11th of May 2002 as her health had deteriorated over the last several months due to lung and chest problems. This was a death that she didn’t want.Involuntary euthanasia, This is where the person is unable to ask for euthanasia or to make a meaningful choice between living and dying and an appropriate person takes the decision on their behalf, perhaps in accordance with their living will, or previously expressed wishes, sometimes, a doctor or the family may decide. An example of this is when someone is in a coma, and is believed to never wake up from it. The patient would receive and injection that would stop the blood flow, or the doctors would cut off there food and water supplies, that are keeping them alive. An example of this is Tony Bland; he was a casualty from the Hillsborough disaster in 1989. He fell into a coma after being crushed by collapsing stand; he was left in a PVS (persistent vegetative state) after a few years of being in a coma, the doctors and the family decided to cut off his food supply and died after a painful fourteen days.Active euthanasia, this is the active acceleration of a “good” death by use of drugs, whether by the patient or with the aid of a doctor. An example of active euthanasia is when a doctor gives a patient a lethal dose of medicine, thus ending the patient’s life. Another example of active euthanasia being put into action is Danny James. Danny James was a university student that had his neck dislocated after he was in a scrum that collapsed at his rugby club Nuneaton’s training session in March 2007. After months of suffering in “his prison” of a body he decided that he wanted to be euthanized. He travelled to a dignitas clinic which is a Swiss assisted dying group that helps those with terminal illness and severe physical and mental illnesses to die assisted by qualified doctors and nurses.Passive euthanasia, this is the ending of life by the deliberate withholding of drugs or other life-sustaining treatment. An example of this is if a patient requires kidney dialysis to survive, and the doctors disconnect the dialysis machine, the patient will presumably die shortly after. Another example of this is Charlotte Wyatt. Charlotte Wyatt was a baby girl that was born with deformities. She suffered from mitochondrial disease, a rare metabolic disorder in which the body can’t deliver energy properly. As a result she was severely brain damaged and had lived in an intensive care unit since she was three weeks old, kept alive on a ventilator.In conclusion, euthanasia summed up is prematurely ending your life due to terminal illness or chronic disability. However euthanasia is a delicate issue because euthanasia is all opinionated and so that I can draw from this conclusion is that there is no right answer.

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