Respiratory System Terminology adenoid/o adenoids Densitometry adenoid hypertrophy alveoli/o alveolus, air sac alveolar bronco/o bronchi/o bronchial tube, bronchus Bronchiole’s: This tightening of the bronchus Is a chief characteristic of asthma and bronchitis Bronchitis’s: Caused by weakening of the bronchial wall from Infection. Bronchiolar: This drug causes dilation, or enlargement, of the opening of a bronchus to Improve ventilation to the lungs. An example Is alabaster, delivered via an inhaler.
Pronounceable: A pronounceable fistula is an abnormal connection between the bronchial tube and the pleural cavity (space). Occurring as a result of lung disease or surgical complication, this can cause an air leak into the pleural space. Bronchial/o bronchiole, small Bronchioles: This Is an acute viral Infection occurring In Infants younger than 18 months of age caps/o carbon dioxide hyperplasia coin/o dust pneumonia’s cyan/o blue Occasions: Caused by deficient oxygen in the blood. Piglet/o Epiglottis Epiglottis: Characterized by fever, sore throat, and an erythrocytes, swollen epiglottis larynx/o Laryngeal Laryngitis’s: Spasm of laryngeal muscles that closes the larynx Laryngitis lobo lobe of the lung lobotomy meditates/o Medications Indemnifications: An endoscope is inserted through an incision in the chest. NAS/o Nose Appraisal sinuses : Para- means near in this term. Instigators intubations Roth/o straight, upright Orthogonal : An abnormal condition in which breathing (-paean) is easier in the Upright position.
A major cause of orthogonal is congestive heart Failure (the lungs fill with fluid when the patient is lying flat). Physicians assess the degree of orthogonal by the number of pillows a patient requires to sleep comfortably (e. G. , two-pillow Orthogonal). Ox/o Oxygen Hypoxia : Tissues have a decreased amount of oxygen, and occasions can result. Sector/o chest Expectoration: Clearing of secretions from the airway by coughing or spitting. This sputum can contain mucus, blood, cellular debris, pus, and microorganisms. Haring/o pharynx, throat pharyngeal phonon/o voice Dysphasia : Hoarseness or other voice impairment preen/o diaphragm Prince nerve: The motor nerve to the diaphragm. Pleural/o Pleura Polypropylene: The suffix -dying means pain. The interracial muscles or pleura are inflamed, causing pain during breathing. Pleural effusion : An effusion is the escape of fluid from blood vessels or lymphatic’s into a cavity or into tissue spaces. Penne/o, air, lung Pneumonia: The suffix -thorax means chest.
Because of a hole in the lung, air accumulates in the pleural cavity, between the layers of the pleura Pullman/o Lung pulmonary Rhine/o nose Rhinestones Rhinoceros: Commonly known as “runny nose. ” sinus/o sinus, cavity Sinusitis spin/o Breathing Speedometer Expiration: Note that the s is omitted (when it’s preceded by an x). Respiration : Cheyenne-Stokes respirations are marked by rhythmic changes in the depth of breathing (rapid breathing and then absence of breathing). The pattern occurs every 45 seconds to 3 minutes. The cause may be heart failure or brain damage, both of which affect the respiratory center in the brain. El/o complete Tattletales: Collapsed lung; incomplete expansion (-ecstasies) of a lung. Tattletales may occur after surgery when a patient experiences pain and does not take deep breaths, preventing full expansion of the lungs. Thorax/o Tracheotomy Thoracic tonsil/o tonsils Tonsillectomy: The orphanages (palatine) tonsils are removed. Trachea/o trachea, windpipe Tracheotomy Tracheal Stetsons : Injury to the trachea from trauma, a burn, or serious infection can endothelial tube in place for a prolonged period may lead to tracheal injury or the formation of scar tissue.