Antithesis- a figure of speech In which an opposition or contrast of Ideas Is expressed by parallelism of words that are the opposites of, or strongly contrasted with, each other. Ex. “We must learn to live together as brothers or perish together as Luther Klan. Jar. , speech at SST. Louis, 1964) Assonated – a writing style that omits conjunctions between words, phrases, or clauses. Ex. “He was a bag of bones, a floppy doll, a broken stick, a maniac. “quack Kerouac, On Concession- a literary device used in argumentative writing where one acknowledges a point made by one’s opponent.
Ex. “It has been said that Rockwell is handsome, and I’ll concede that his six feet of meat is distributed well enough, but his face reminds me of a camel with a built-in Stout, Please Pass the Guilt, 1973) Connotation – an idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning. Ex. “They had a ghostly, opalescent similarity. ” (Slaughterhouse Five, pig. 96) Context-the words that are used with a certain word or phrase and that help to explain its meaning. Ex. In Slaughter House Five the Context is World War II Bombing of Dressed
Counterargument- an argument or set of reasons put forward to oppose an idea or theory developed in another argument. Ex. Predestination and Free Will (SlaughterHouse Five) Cumulative Sentence- An independent clause followed by a series of subordinate constructions that gather details about a person, place, event, or idea. Ex. “He was an eerie sight, a bundle of rags standing at the end of the stairs, his shadow Don the wall looming over him,” is an example of a cumulative sentence from “The Treasure of Lemon Brown” by Walter Dean Myers.
Ex. “Doctors all over the world recommend this type of treatment. ” Pathos- is a method of convincing people with an argument drawn out through an emotional response. Ex. “If we don’t move soon, we’re all going to die! Can’t you see how dangerous it would be to stay? ” Logos- is a literary device that can be defined as a statement, sentence or argument used to convince or persuade the targeted audience by employing reason or logic. Ex. “You onto need to Jump Off bridge to know that it’s a bad idea.
Why then would you need to try drugs to know if they’re damaging? That’s plain nonsense. ” Persona- a voice or an assumed role of a character that represents the thoughts of a writer or a specific person the writer wants to present as his mouthpiece. Ex. In Slaughterhouse five Kurt Veneto narrates in both first and third person. Polemic – a strong verbal or written attack on someone or something. Ex. Slaughterhouse Five is an example the message used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view. Ex. In
George Orwell’ book, Animal Farm propaganda is one of the themes, for example squealer tells all the animals that Boxer was being taken away to the hospital but was actually being taken away in a knackers truck to a glue factory. Refutation-The part of an argument in which a speaker or writer counters opposing points of view. Ex. Slaughterhouse Five -Billy was convinced that he was taken to another planet, however his daughter refuted that. Personification- he attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.
Ex. “And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man’s brother will I require the life of man. ” (Bible, Genesis 9:5) Synecdoche-a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa. Ex. The word “society” is often used to refer to high society or the social elite Zeugma- a figure of speech in which a word applies to two others in different senses or to two others of which it semantically suits only one. EX. “She opened her door and her heart to the orphan. ” (Wonderland)