Throughout history many colonization have made great advancements among their own societies. From the Mesopotamia and ancient Egyptians to the Mycenaean, many developments by these peoples have contributed to their places in our history books. Developments such as writing, agriculture, military, and transportation vehicles have come from these civilizations, but perhaps the two most significant developments of these ancient societies are metallurgy and organized religion.
The development of bronze was significant because it allowed for stronger weapons and tools, which made It possible for the people to both, protect their land and farm it more efficiently. By discovering that smelting copper and tin would produce bronze, a much more durable metal alloy, the Mesopotamia ushered in the Bronze Age. The introduction of bronze enabled blacksmiths to better swords, daggers, and spears that now hold a razors edge and retain it much longer (Hunt, 13). This Is significant because the Skidpans, during the our Ill Dynasty, used these upgraded weapons to conquer their neighbors and win glory and wealth (Hunt, 12).
The need for the ingredients to make bronze also led to the Skidpans starting wars to capture territory containing ore mines that were not present in their land. Along with improved weaponry the development of bronze allowed for the tools to be made stronger. These new tools improved agriculture, such as with the plough, which now allowed farmers to cultivate their land much more efficiently. Although the development of bronze had a practical purpose In both the work lace, and on the battlefield, It also played a significant role In social stratification In the Skidpan society.
As bronze was a much stronger metal it now allowed skilled metalworkers to incorporate lavish inlays directly onto their swords and daggers with out causing structural weak points in the blades. The wealthy took advantage of this and used it to publicly display their social provenance. The significance of this is that these decorated weapons established barriers between social classes because they Increased voluble social differences between men and women because they marked he status of the masculine roles of hunter and warrior (Hunt, 13).
Organized religion in the ancient world because it was a way for the rulers to legitimate their positions and also became a method of regulating social behavior. In ancient Egypt the King was believed to be a divine human with the power to govern the commoners, maintain balance between the supernatural forces of nature, and authority to wage war on Egypt enemies (Hunt, 20). The Pharaoh was held accountable for everything that took place Including natural disasters, as It was his bob to fulfill his religious duties with the gods so as to receive good favor with the gods (Origin).
In Mesopotamia, Hamburg the king of Babylon proclaimed in his famous law code that the great gods of Mesopotamia have gifted his authority as king to him. Without having some form or religion these rulers would not have been able to hold such a great deal of power because there would not be a divine holder of that authority. The significance of organized religion and how It contributed to social Babylon, Hamburg, has his law code written down on a large number of huge tone steles and has them scattered across his kingdom.
This is significant because the presence of these monolithic stones became a constant reminder to the people, under Hamburg’s rule, of how far his power reaches. These steles reinforced proper behavior in the citizens, which established social stratification in Mesopotamia. To the ancient Egyptians the afterlife was seen as an absolute fact and what happened to you in the afterlife was dictated by how you acted in life. Mat was the word for ” what is right” as for how you live, and if the Egyptian Pharaoh did not maintain this with the gods, then there would be grave consequences not only for himself, but for all of his people as well.
The two most significant developments of ancient civilization are organized religion and metallurgy. Organized religion is significant because it was a way for ancient rulers to legitimate their authority by claiming that it was divinely bestowed upon them as well as a way to control the behavior of citizens. Metallurgy allowed for improved weapons and tools along with driving conquests in order to obtain more of the ore for use in producing bronze.